Hartnoll, Richard and Rhodes, Tim; eds. AIDS, Drugs and Prevention: Perspectives on individual and community action. Routledge, 1996.

Schulman, Sarah. Let the Record Show: A Political History of ACT UP New York, 1987-1993. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2021.


“Constitutionality of Anti-Drug Paraphernalia Laws—The Smoke Clears,” Notre Dame Law Review, Mar. 1, 1983.

"Obituaries," UPI, Aug. 16, 1984.

"Candles and Tears on Castro: 1,000 Mourn Bobby Campbell," Bay Area Reporter, Aug. 23, 1984.

“High AIDS Rate Spurring Efforts For Minorities,” New York Times, Aug. 2, 1987.

“Top 2 Members Quit AIDS Panel,” Chicago Tribune, Oct. 7, 1987.

“Look to Dirty Needles as African AIDS Source; Not a New Disease,” New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.

“Magic Johnson has AIDS virus,” San Diego Tribune, Nov. 7, 1991.

“Acting Up Against Junkie Pneumonia,” Agenda, April 1992.

“Commentary: Would needle-exchange curb AIDS or boost drug use?” Napa Valley Register, May 3, 1992.

“Magic Johnson Quits Panel on AIDS,” New York Times, Sep. 26, 1992.

“ELECTIONS ‘92: Clinton Vows Better Effort Against AIDS: Campaign: Democrat says Bush has failed to fight the disease strongly enough. He also calls for an end to misconceptions about the illness,” Los Angeles Times, Oct. 30, 1992.

“First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton,” New York Times, Jan. 27, 1993.

“Clinton and the ‘Condom Queen,’” Chicago Tribune, Jul. 10, 1993.

“Surgeon General Suggests Study of Legalizing Drugs,” New York Times, Dec. 8, 1993.

“Needle arrest,” The Modesto Bee, May 3, 1994. “Clinton, Crime, and the Justice Department,” Social Justice, Fall 1994.

“World AIDS Day—December 1, 1994,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Nov. 18, 1994.

“Bill Clinton Is the Mid-Term Election Loser of the Century,” Baltimore Sun, Nov. 20, 1994.

“S.O.S.—December 1994/January 1995,” POZ, Dec. 1, 1994.

“President Clinton Fires Elders,” Washington Post, Dec. 10, 1994.

“Surgeon General Forced to Resign By White House,” New York Times, Dec. 10, 1994.

“Elders says no regrets for doing job,” The Parsons Sun, Dec. 12, 1994.

“Goodbye to the ‘Condom Queen,’” Newsweek, Dec. 18, 1994.

“Legal Problems for Oakland's Needle Exchange Continue; Five Needle Exchange Workers Acquitted,” NDSN News Briefs, Mar. 1995.

“D.A. Rethinks Prosecution of Needle Exchangers,” The Mercury News, Mar. 11, 1995.

“Oakland Needle Exchange Workers Acquitted,” SF Gate, Mar. 11, 1995.

“Rap Star Eazy-E Says He Has AIDS : Health: Major figure in ‘gangsta’ movement says young fans need to know about ‘what’s real.’ He is listed in critical condition,” Los Angeles Times, Mar. 17, 1995.

“NIDA Plays Key Role in Studying Links Between AIDS and Drug Abuse,” NIDA Notes, Jun. 1, 1995.

“President Clinton Signs Executive Order for Creation of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS and Announces Twenty-Three Members of the Council,” White House Office of the Press Secretary, Jun. 15, 1995.

“Clinton Creates Group to Improve Campaign Against AIDS,” New York Times, Jun. 16, 1995.

“Experts decry Shalala’s doubts about usefulness of needle swaps,” AIDS Policy & Law, Feb. 9, 1996.

“Experts blast Shalala on needle exchange remarks,” AIDS Alert, Mar. 1996.

“Needle Exchanges Inject Controversy in AIDS Prevention,” Washington Post, Jul. 16, 1996.

"The Politics Of Drugs: Back To War," Newsweek, Aug. 25, 1996.

“Jocelyn Elders Won’t Back Down,” The Buffalo News, Oct. 18, 1996.

"CDC Report Highlights Link Between Drug Abuse and Spread of HIV," National Institute on Drug Abuse, Apr. 1, 1997.

“Draft Agenda,” Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS Seventh Full Council Meeting, Jul. 25-26, 1997.

Minutes: Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS Seventh Full Council Meeting, Jul. 25-26, 1997.

“Update: Trends in AIDS Incidence—United States, 1996,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Sep. 19, 1997.

“Praise for needle exchange Convert: Miss America once took a stand against the program for drug addicts. A visit to Baltimore has changed her mind,” Baltimore Sun, Nov. 6, 1997.

“Clinton Decides Not to Finance Needle Program,” New York Times, Apr. 21, 1998.

“Clinton Supports Needle Exchange But Not Funding,” Washington Post, Apr. 21, 1998.

“Puncturing an AIDS Initiative,” Washington Post, Apr. 23, 1998.

“Survey: A Council Resigned,” POZ, May 1, 1998.

“Miss America and council back drug needle exchange,” Asbury Park Press, May 5, 1998.

“The 1998 Needle-Exchange Decision: The McCaffrey-Shalala Confrontation,” Kennedy School of Government Case Program, Jul. 1, 1998.

“AIDS Death Rate In ‘97 Down 47%,” Washington Post, Oct. 8, 1998.

“Clinton Says He Regrets Decision Against Needle-Exchange Program,” Wall Street Journal, Jul. 12, 2002.

“Update: AIDS—United States, 2000,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Jul. 12, 2002.

“HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2005,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007.

“Activist Bob Hattoy Dies of Complications from AIDS,” NPR, Mar. 6, 2007.

“The biopolitics of needle exchanges in the United States,” Critical Public Health, Mar. 1, 2011.

“A History of the Ban on Federal Funding for Syringe Exchange Programs,” Center for Strategic and International Studies, Feb. 7, 2012.

“Why Has US Drug Policy Changed So Little Over 30 Years?” Crime and Justice, Aug. 2013.

“Among the Hillary Haters,” The Atlantic, Mar. 2015.

“Surge in Cases of H.I.V. Tests U.S. Policy on Needle Exchanges,” New York Times, May. 16, 2015.

“After Decades, Congress Effectively Lifts Ban On Federally Funded Needle Exchanges,” BuzzFeed News, Jan. 5, 2016.

“Funding ban on needle exchanges effectively lifted,” USA Today, Jan. 7, 2016.

“New Study Shows HIV Epidemic Started Spreading in New York in 1970,” NBC News, Oct. 26, 2016.

“The Politics of Prevention: Lessons from the Neglected History of US HIV/AIDS Policy,” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, Feb. 1, 2017.

“Opioid epidemic shares chilling similarities with past drug crises,” Associated Press, Oct. 29, 2017.

“Dan Bigg remembered as 'revolutionary' for approach to heroin crisis, pioneered life-saving naloxone, needle handouts,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 22, 2018.

“Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Reduce HIV Risk,” NIAID, Dec. 10, 2020.

“Estimated Annual Number of HIV Infections—United States, 1981-2019,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Jun. 4, 2021.

“The Survivor-Led Organisations Fighting Back Against The War on Drugs,” Volteface, 2022.

“How Dr. Ricky Bluthenthal Amplifies Ignored Voices,” University of California Global Health Institute, Jan. 28, 2022.

Credit song

Fiasco Season 5 theme song by Spatial Relations.

Credits song: Coherence by Infinity Ripple.

Original music for this series written by Edith Mudge. Additional music by Nick Slyvester of Godmode, Joel St. Julien and and Dan English, Noah Hecht, and Joe Valle.